MacPortsの使い方

 MacPortsは、Mac OS XにUNIX系のアプリケーションを簡単にインストールできる仕組みを提供する。
 インストール方法は、Macを買ったら入れるソフト- (5) UNIX環境編を参考にしてほしい。

 ここでは、MacPortsの使い方を紹介する。

(※MacPortsによるソフトのインストールには、「XcodeTools」が必要です。Mac OS XのインストールDVDに入っています)

 使用するには、ターミナルを起動し、「port」コマンドを使用する。
———————–
$ port 命令 対象ソフト名
———————–
とするだけなので、難しくはない。

 画像処理ソフトの「ImageMagick」を例に取ると以下のようになる。

MacPortsで「ImageMagick」がインストール可能か調べる。
———————–
$ port search Imagemagick
———————–

MacPortsで「ImageMagick」をインストール。
———————–
$ sudo port install ImageMagick
———————–
(インストール時はsudoが必要)

MacPortsでインストール済みのソフトを調べる。
———————–
$ port installed
———————–

MacPortsで「ImageMagick」をアンインストール。
———————–
$ sudo port uninstall ImageMagick
———————–

主なportコマンド一覧

コマンド

解説

installed

port installed

インストール済みのソフト一覧

search

port search Imagemagick

インストール可能なソフトの検索

variants

port variants Imagemagick

インストール可能なソフトのバリエーションを表示

install

sudo port install ImageMagick

ソフトのインストール

outdated

port outdated

アップグレード可能なソフトな一覧

upgrade

sudo port upgrade ImageMagick

ソフトのアップグレード

update installed

sudo port update installed

すべてのインストール済みソフトのアップグレード

deps

port deps ImageMagick

ソフトの依存関係(必要なほかのソフト)の表示

contents

port contents ImageMagick

ソフトに含まれるファイルを表示

provides

port provides ファイル名

指定ファイルがどのソフトに含まれるかチェック

deactivate

sudo port deactivate ImageMagick

インストール済みソフトを一時的に無効化

activate

sudo port activate ImageMagick

無効化したソフトを再度有効化

uninstall

sudo port uninstall ImageMagick

ソフトのアンインストール

仕様例)

screenshot_76.anzudfxryD10.jpg

(中略)

screenshot_77.Z9viZGz3j0wr.jpg

関連記事

関連記事

投稿者:

ともゆき@zubapita

ともゆき@zubapita

作ったモノ 雑誌:月刊アスキー(デスク)、アスキー.PC(副編集長)、インターネットアスキー(編集長)、アスキーPCエクスプローラー(編集長) Webサイト:東京グルメ/ライブドアグルメ、映画を語ろう、本が好き 著書:「Twitter 使いこなし術」「facebook 使いこなし術」 最近は、株式会社ブックウォーカーにて、「BWインディーズ」をやってます。

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